Agriculture

In past few years crop management and planning have improved with widespread implementation of Remote Sensing, GPS and GIS technologies, which is now widely being used in agricultural applications. Information derived from earth-observation satellites can provide cost-effective methods, both for the large scale as well as localized monitoring of crop acreage output and conditions.
Satellite imagery is used as a tool for recording important information that is needed before and during the growing season. The remote sensing methods enable crop acreage estimation while crop is still standing in the field.  The information derived from this data could be used to reveal vegetative health, pinpoint the location of non-productive areas, and help in effective planning and analyzing operations. This information can be shared with all those associated with crop management and marketing who, in turn, can plan beforehand for their procurement, storage, distribution and export. The requirements of different stake holders are as follows-

  • Government requires data on:

      Total expected produce of each crop type during the current year
      Floods/draught conditions developing in different area
      The farmers impacted by crop damage
      The total irrigation water requirements and water conservation plan
      Capacity of cold storage, go-down and subsequent transport planning for disbursement
      Total farm subsidies and whether the system is fully transparent
      Tentative revenue collection
      Cadastral level information
      The location to open new market based on crop field location

  • Banking and Micro-finance sector require data on:

      Agri-potential zones to take decision regarding the disbursement of loans
      Status of the crop and the amount grown by the loanee farmer for the recovery of loans

  •  Exporters require data on:

      Acreage of crop that would be available for export
      Base price that can be fixed based on supply and demand
      Time by which the crop may reach the market

  •  Insurance sector companies require data:

      To ascertain the actual premium to be levied in each ‘Insurance Circle’
      To monitor growth of the Insurer’s crop

      To ascertain if there is a real loss in the crop of the insurer
      To assess the actual amount of compensation to be paid to the insurer
      For timely payment of compensation in order to attract the farmer

  • Fertilizer distribution companies require data on:

      Crop type so that an assessment on the requirement of fertilizer in the region can be made
      Land suitability and acreage of crop type to ascertain demand and supply of seeds & fertilizer

  • Contract farmers require data on:

      Agri-potential zones to take decision on taking up contract farming
      Details about the farmers
      Transportation facility for carrying the crop

Excel Geomatics uses appropriate set of multi-temporal satellite image, acquired during the appropriate times of plant growth and harvest, combined with GPS aided field survey & market survey to create data on-

    Crop Acreage
    Crop Performance
    Crop Yield
    Crop Production
    Location of Markets
    General trends, followed by the farmers etc.

The team has experience of mapping crops like wheat, paddy, sorghum, millet, chickpea, pigeon pea, onion, groundnut, cotton, sugarcane, sunflower, sesame, clover, blue panic, Rhodes grass;  palms, pomegranate, and vegetables etc.